A partial list


The invention of the internal combustion engine at the end of the 1800ís brought radical change to everyday life. In less than 20 years, engines became quite complex with V-8 engines powering airplanes in World War I. However, the reliability and simplicity of the one-cylinder engine made it the work horse in rural parts of the North Country. The hand crank on machines was replaced by a pulley that was connected by a belt to the engine. It not only replaced man power, but horse power as well.

Kerosene or gasoline was ignited in the single cylinder by a spark at the end of an igniter or spark plug. The spark was created by electrical energy from a magneto or battery. Valves were opened and closed and the spark was timed by a system of gears and cams on the driveshaft. Many engines were kept cool by the evaporation of water that filled an open tank above the cylinder. Though many gave off steam, they were not steam engines.